НАО КазНИТУ имени К.Сатпаева

History

«In Kazakhstan, development of the geological science is driven by creative association with practice, on the base of practice and for practice»

Academician K.I.Satpaev

The Institute of Geological Sciences was founded in 1940 on the base of the Geological sector of the Kazakh branch of the USSR Academy of Science. Its founder, academician  Kanysh Imantaevich Satpaev, was its first Director (from 1940 to 1964).

Каныш Имантаевич СатпаевProminent scientists and statesman, founder and the first President of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic, academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and the Kazakh SSR, Honorary academician of a whole range of foreign scientific academies, the laureate of the Lenin and State prizes, outstanding personality. His name is associated with development of science in Kazakhstan, establishment of the national economy of the Republic, development of the geological economic sector. In 1964, by decree of the Kazakh SSR Council of Ministers, the Institute was assigned the name of Kanysh Imantaevich Satpaev, the first Director of our Institute.

The Institute accumulated therich human resource potential and great factual data, which resulted in setting up on its base of the following establishments:

  1. The Institute of Mining (1945)
  2. The Institute of Chemistry (1945)
  3. The Institute of Metallurgy and Enrichment (1946)
  4. The Institute of Hydrogeology and Hydrophysics (1965)
  5. The Institute of Seismology (1976)

Research studies implemented by the first generation of Kazakhstan geologists of the soviet period resulted in creation of the first geological map of East Kazakhstan and the large monograph «East Kazakhstan», published in 1941 as the XXth volume of the «Geology of USSR» series issued under editorship of N.G.Kassin. This was an eminent achievement in knowledge of geology of East Kazakhstan, which was recognised in 1946 by awarding the USSR State Prize.

In post-war years, the Institute saw active development of all fields of geological sciences: metallogeny, paleontology, stratigraphy, geotectonics, mineralogy, geochemistry, geophysics, hydrogeology.

Evolution of these branches is inseparably associated with names of the great scientists, such as: R.А.Borukaev, N.G.Kassin, А.K.Kayupov, I.I.Bok, I.P.Novokhatsky, D.N.Kazanli, G.Z.Medoev, G.N. Tscherba, P.Ya.Avrov, P.Т.Тazhibaeva, G.B.Zhilinsky, V.F.Bespalov, N.K.Ivshin, G.F.Lyapichev, I.F.Nikitin, S.М.Bandaletov, S.А.Kenessarin, М.V.Tashinin, V.V.Galitsky, U.М.Akhmetsafin, V.K.Monich, А.А.Аbdulin, Ye.D.Tapalov, V.М.Shuzhanov, L.А.Мiroshnichenko, V.М.Pilifosov, V.N.Lubetsky, М.S.Bykova and many-many others.

In 1960s-1970s–, the Institute of Geological Sciences became a flagship of Kazakhstan geology. Its scientists for the first time compiled metallogenic and prognostic maps of Central Kazakhstan, several districts of mineral Altai and Kalba,at the time unprecedented in the world practice by complexity, level of detail and completeness of substantiation.

Acknowledging such a progress, the First All-Union Metallogenic Conference was held in Alma-Ata, where the creative collective of the scientists (K.I.Satpaev, I.I.Bok, R.А.Borukaev, G.B.Zhilinsky, I.P.Novokhatsky, D.N.Kazanli, G.Z.Medoev, I.P.Novokhatsky, , G.N. Tscherba) was awarded the Lenin Prize.

The years of 1960-1990 became a period of discoveries and exploration of a whole series of sites of rare metal deposits in Central Kazakhstan (Koktenkol, Upper Kairakty, Bainasar, Seltei, Zhanet, Batystau and other), South Kazakhstan (Boguty, Karagaily-Aktas), and in later years in North Kazakhstan as well (Bayan, Aksoran, Syrymbet, Donetskoye).

The complex study of the Uspenie zone resulted in individuation of a large ore belt. The research data were published in six volumes of the monograph, noted with the State Prize of the Kazakh SSR (1972).

In subsequent years (1974-1979), the following research works were organised: study of the Chu-Ili ore belt in collaboration with the extended team of geologists of the Kazakh SSR Academy of Science and the Kazakh SSR Ministry of Geology. The results were reflected in six volumes of the monograph, and together with other works of the Institute were awarded by the 1980 USSR State Prize.

Members of the Institute in different years became laureates of the Lenin Prize (11), laureates of the USSR State Prize (16), laureates of the Kazakhstan State Prize (17), laureates of the Kazakh SSR Council of Ministers’Prize (9), laureates of the Satpaev Prize (5), and laureates of the Chingiz Valikhanov Prize (3).

There are 38 Institute employees among the discoverers of ore sites, a number of its scientists were enlisted in the Republican «Golden Book of Honour», three  scientists were awarded the honorary rank of «Meritorious exploration geologist of the Kazakh SSR» and 11 scientists with «Meritorious scientific figure of the Kazakh SSR».

Works on development of the following ore fields located in Central Kazakhstan, Altai and Karatau were implemented in the Institute: manganese, copper, polymetallic and of rare-earth metals. The priority directions: geological-geophysical studies of the earth crust and lithosphere of Kazakhstan regions; metallogeny and oregenesis; the complex study of mining regions of the republic; geology of energy resource fields (oil, gas, bituminous coal, oil shale); non-metallic fossils, and geoecology.

The Institute employees conducted paleontological-stratigraphic researches, building up the verified stratigraphy of various regions, and extended fundamental geophysical researches, which allowed obtaining data on subsurface structure of the earth crust and the mantle and composing the prognostic metallogenic maps of Kazakhstan (metal and polymetallic ore maps).

Obtained were new data on typomorphic minerals, paragenesis, zonality; established were theoretical grounds to geochemical methods of ore search. Composed were thematic maps: engineering-geological, hydrogeological, tectonic, soils and vegetation cover, anthropogenic processes and other, 1992 - 1997). Published were 10 inquiry editions with characteristics of all Kazakhstan ore fields (1994 - 1996).

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